* Weight loss
* Palpable abdominal mass
* Dysuria, haematuria
* Dyschezia, haematochezia
* Soft tissue swelling eg foreign body, soft tissue sarcoma
* Lameness eg biceps tendon injury
* Hepatic encephalopathy
* Gynacalogical – pregnancy, pyometra, ovarian pathology
* Ocular disease eg retinal detachment, intra-ocular masses.
Ultrasonography can be used to perform ultrasound-guided procedures, such as cystocentesis, fine needle aspiration, and tissue core biopsies. The use of these techniques can reduce the degree of stress and discomfort experienced by the patient, compared to a more invasive technique such as laparotomy.